The International Steam Pages

St. Petersburg Steam

Harvey has told me of a comprehensive (156) set of pictures of the museum (added 28th November 2012). Many thanks to Alina Sinelnikova for spending a day compiling this record for us to enjoy. 

Harvey Smith reports on the steam side of his stay in St.Petersburg in early 2006, the first picture though was added on 11th August 2010 and is the monument at Leningradski Station, Moscow to the completion in 1851 of the Moscow - St.Petersburg railway:

There are four places on interest:

1. The principal one is the Outdoor Train Museum - for the indoor museum is or It is behind the old Warsaw railway station (metro stations Baltiyskaya or Frunzenskaya). This is the Russian equivalent of the UK's National Railway Museum in York . It is all outdoors but it is not to be underestimated. What railway museum do you know boasts a naval gun mounted on a railway wagon and an intercontinental ballistic missile complete with all associated rolling stock? The latter I have no photographs of as it is a recent addition. I have seen it, but only over the fence. No guide books are available. But you can buy a book of postcards as a good substitute and English translations are provided on the back of each board explaining each exhibit. Since these pictures were taken, a 'missile train' has been added to the collection - see See also this link - (added 11th August 2010). 

Here are some of my favourites:

Class P36 4-8-4 Soviet Passenger locomotive. 251 were built 1953-56.

The enclosed cab of the P36

Class SO17-1137 Soviet Freight locomotive. Built by the Khar'kov 'Comintern' Works in 1938. Initially it had a smokebox fan a tender with condensing apparatus and was used until 1963.

Class S.68 Soviet Passenger locomotive. This is the only survivor. Built in Russia before the revolution, probably in 1917. Designed by B.S. Malakovskii. This locomotive only survived because it was used as a stationary boiler in a factory in Moscow until the 1970’s.

b-2023 Russian locomotive. One of the oldest locomotives in Russia, being built in 1897 by Kolomna Works for the Vladikavkaz. It was used until the mid-1980’s in Grozny. 

Class O Russian locomotive 6640. 8000 of these were built up until the Russian Revolution This one was built at the Putilov works in St.Petersburg in 1902. During World War II it was used as part of an armoured train.

Class Esh 34444 Soviet locomotive built by Nydqvist & Holm in Sweden in 1924  (The museum has a similar Ea 2221 which despite what the notice says is an Alco product.)

Class FD20 Soviet locomotive. This is the most powerful series-built steam freight locomotive in Russia (3200hp). Named after Dzerzhinsky, who founded of the Cheka. The introduction of this class marked the transition from European to American practice of designing locomotives in the USSR. Built in 1936.

Fireless Locomotive No.9305. Built by Schwartzkopf in Germany in 1928, it worked at the Tuapse oil refinery.

Class Er Soviet locomotive. This was built in 1943 using the boiler from the Su passenger class.

Class Em Soviet locomotive. This was built in 1934 the “m” stands for a modernised class E. 

Railway gun TM-3-12. Three of these were built in 1938 using guns from a withdrawn battleship. They were used in World War II until captured by the Finns who then restored and used them in turn. They were maintained in operational condition until 1991 (!!). 

Class Ye locomotive 2201. This was built by Baldwin in the USA in 1944 as part of the lend lease programme. They were often used in Siberia and the Far East.

Class TE locomotive 6769. This is a German class 52 Kriegslok built in Vienna in 1943 and regauged to Russian 5ft gauge. The “T” stands for trophy locomotive. 2000 of these locomotive were used in the USSR.

Class 9P Soviet locomotive. These were built between 1936 and 1957

Class K3 Finnish locomotive. These were used by the Russians until 1950’s. They came to Russia as reparations. This one was built in Tampere in 1943 and like many Finnish locomotives it is a wood burner.

Class L Soviet locomotive. 4199 examples built 1945-55. This example was built in honour of the 12th Congress of Young Communist organisation in 1954.

Class LV18. This was a development of the L class and this example was built in 1953. It worked until 1982 as a locomotive and then as a factory boiler.

Class Su Soviet Passenger Locomotive. This example was built in 1950, used until 1976 and then used as a boiler in an asphalt works. 

2. At Finlandia Station (Metro station: Ploshad Lenina), you can find the Finnish locomotive that brought Lenin from exile. The staff let me on the platform without charging, so they may let you as well.

3. Vitebsk Station (Metro stations: Tekhnologicheskiy Institut and Pushkinskaya). The building itself - on the site of Russia’s first railway terminus - is splendid in the Style Moderne of 1904. On the western side, on a raised area at platform level, in a glass case, you can find a mock up of 'Provorny' (= "'Agile') one of Russia’s first locomotives. The original was built by Robert Stephenson. It commenced operation in October 1937 between St. Petersburg and nearby Tsarkoe Selo, being the country's first working mainline locomotive.

4. When you are at Vitebsk take the Electrichka suburban train to Pavlovsk Park. Buying a ticket is complicated. Ignore the booking halls and go upstairs. Go right and follow the right hand platform to the barrier where you will find the ticket booths for the train to Pavlovsk Park. In Russia ticket booths are designated. The train has wooden seats, but despite the temperatures in winter they are warm. At Pavlovsk Park there is a fine royal palace park and a good restaurant, but one stop before you get there, you will see what looks like a scrapyard on the left side of the tracks.. It is in fact a museum with its own halt. Almost all the exhibits are in dreadful condition and are mainly duplicates of what can be found at the Outdoor Train Museum. But there are some wrecked tank locos that I did not see elsewhere, and a curious coach that is completely open, the purpose of which I could not work out. Sadly I never got the name of the place and it was not mentioned in my Rough Guide. I think I was a bit dazed.

(Trevor Heath provided this link which shows more pictures of it - There is a map for the site here,30.399513244628906/.)

2-6-0T tank locomotives. 

Rob Dickinson