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The itinerary of the globe steam “purely industrial”-tour guided us to different steelworks and coal mine railways in Northern China between September 6th and 21st 2003.
|steam||No. 0, GJ 1019, JF 2121, JF1 304 “Mao Zedong”, JF1 1191 “Zhu De”, JF1 2101 “National Day”, JF6 3022, JS 5001, KD7 534, KF1 006, PL3 51, PL9 146, QJ 0001, RM 1001, SL6 601, SL12 890|
|diesel||BJ 3003, DF 1301, DF4 0001, DFH2 0008, DFH5 0001, ND3 0001|
|V1003||16491, 17376, 17380, 17381, 17387, 17407, 17498, 17883, 17889, 17892, 17893, 17896, 17898|
|GK1||0009, 0013, 0059 (i), 0065 (i), 0066, 0068 (i), 0083 (i)|
|(i) seen at interchange yard on Sept12|
The factory consists of two parts: an iron works west of the CNR-station on its southern
side and an integrated works east of the station north of the CNR line. The two parts have no
industrial rail connection between each other. So, transfer trains must cross the CNR-tracks.
In the western site, there are two small blast furnaces, served by a ramp to a short raw materials stock. Most of the molten iron is transfered from rail to special trucks near the pig iron machine. The trucks run on the works road to the eastern factory. The regular disposal of the blast furnace slag is a lagoon. Because of reconstruction it was out of use and the slag was tipped conventionally on the slag hill.
It was somewhat strange to observe slag tipping: the slag almost reached the fields below the slag tiplike - similar to the lava of a vulcano.
The eastern site is bigger than the western one. There, you`ll find the raw material
processing (like sintering and coking plants), four blast furnaces, a Bessemer- and a
BOF-steel mill and different rolling mills.
The works railway transports the molten iron to the BOF mill. So, there are frequent trains here. The Bessemer mill creates only little rail traffic, because the molten iron is delivered by trucks. Same is valid for the steel ingots for the rolling mills.
The transformation of all blast furnace slag to sand don’t need any rail transport. At least one blast furnace is served by a ramp to a raw materials stock. Others are served by conveyors.
|SY||0250 (in depot), 0299, 0559 (western site), 0782, 0921 (western site), 1113 (western site), 1219 (in depot), 1342 (western site), 1462, 1541|
On the return trip to Beijing by train, we noticed two closed blast furnaces next to a factory (maybe a foundry) close to Shacheng CNR station, north of the line. Additionally, small blast furnaces can be found south of the line.
The line - main transport goods was lime stone for concrete works - was said to have
closed due to lack of money. All tracks of the yard were full of freight cars in bad condition
and the line to Baihe was covered with plants, little bushes and rubbish. I think, it saw no
traffic for the least a couple of months.
The track towards Wangdu seemed to be somewhat better. After endless discussions, the railwaymen took some non-derelict freight cars, which had been inside the repair shed. Thist was quite hard work because they had to brake some concrete and to repair the switch to the shed first.
Finally, we only rolled 2 km towards Wangdu. Going further down the line was too dangerous because some of the screws and iron plates of the sleepers had been stolen and a derailment quite likely. Maybe, our train was the last train on this line...
|C2||005 with tender 2813 (inside shed), 066|
|KP4||2816 with tender 2819 (inside shed)|
|diesel||JM110 1503 (inside shed), NJ150 1509 (inside shed)|
A place with frequent train operation is the rolling mill yard. You can see trains with slag
from the steel mills and trains with finished steel products like wire and rails.
Between the older steel mill and the electric furnaces exists an interesting operation. Molten steel ist put into ingot moulds and carryied to another hall. There, two electric locos with a energy supply cable take over.
Most rail traffic takes place around the blast furnaces. I think the elderly, central steel mill
receives molten iron from the group of three furnaces whereas the newer, big steel mill receives
its molten iron from the single, modern blast furnace. Frequent shunting with molten iron cars,
slag cars and open cars loaded with dust can be observed around the four blast furnaces.
Behind the blast furnace group, there is the unloading place for iron ore and the sintering plant. Some distance away is the coking plant, too.
Slag trains from the blast furnaces go to the slag tip west of the steelwork. You have to be careful, as there are two alternatively used tipping areas and two trains following each other may have different destinations. For a visitor, the best option is to wait at the entrance of the slag area and to look which track the train takes.But, of course, you may be unlucky, too. As the area is quite large, tipping can be finished before you have reached/found the right place.
|ET7||5328 (oou), 5332 (oou), 5333 (oou)|
|JS||58001 (in depot), 58002 (oou)|
|SY||0264, 0392, 0422 (in depot), 0501 (oou), 0502, 0710, 0711 (tender only), 0823, 0824, 1431 (in depot), 1517, 1518 (in depot), 1521, 1571 (in depot), 1676, 1677, 1696, 1697, 1719, 1723, 1727, 1731, 1743 (in depot), 1748, 2015 (in depot), 3012|
|XK13||5902 (oou), 5903 (oou)|
|GK0||1001 (in depot), 1002, 1004 (in depot), 1008, 1011 (in depot), 1012, 1013, 1015 (in depot), 1016 (in depot), 1017, 1018, 1019|
|GK1||0042 (oou), 0055 (oou), 0064 (in depot), 0070, 0071 (oou), 0075, 0078 (in depot), 0106|
|GK1F||1009 (in depot)|
|GK1G||6015 (in depot), 6016 (in depot)|
|GK3B||0002 (in depot), 0003 (in depot), 0004|
|GKD4 (?)||086, 087 (oou)|
|SY||0492 (oou), 0732, 0891|
|C2||01 (cold), 02, 03, 04 (cold)|
The local bureau of CITS organized a visit of the central railroad crossing of the site. Visiting other places e.g. the place near the crossing where the blast furnace slag is transfered to sand in a lagoon, was not allowed. Similar to 2002, taking pictures at the rail entrance was easy. I don’t know, whether this is a permanent situation, because we had requested to visit this place in advance, too.
|SY||0585, 0655, 0716, 0881, 0998, 1202 (oou), 1507|
Around Fushun, a lot of chemical industry can be found, e.g. one next to the interchange yard Daguantun. Shunting electric locos are passing under a pedestrian bridge here. From Daguantun, a line extends northwards with frequent cistern and coal trains. The electrics are a very nice sight - some of them are of Japanese or German origin, built during the occupation of Manchuria in the 1930s and 1940s. Steam locos are rare and used for permanent way trains only.
It’s possible to go down to the the first step of the open cast mine on a dirt road at the
northern edge as well as on some paths used by local people at the western edge of the mine.
There are a few nice places, but poles between the two tracks are very annoying.
Near the western edge of the open cast mine, the electric depot is situated.
|“EL1” rebuilt||027 (in depot), 106 (in depot), 112 (in depot), 133, 134, 148, 153, 333 (in depot)|
|“EL2” rebuilt||615, 616, 617 (in depot), 618, 619|
|old electrics||1123 (in depot), 1134, 1141 (in depot), 1151, 1154 (in depot), 1202, 1207, 1216, 1220, 1399|
|electric railcars||104, 121|
Nice train meetings can be observed at Diaobingshan and Sanjiazi station in the morning. If you only want to see funnel first locos, you need some luck. There are no special locos for passenger services.
A little bit funny are the plastic cards you get from the Transportation Department at Daqing when you pay the fee for the photo permission. They have a little rope to carry them around the neck. The validity period is printed onto the Chinese-English card, too. But it doesn’t help you to get permission for visiting the coal mines as they belong to a different department.
|SY||0063, 0435, 0665, 0979, 1147, 1183, 1412, 1683, 1749, 1751, 1764, 1767, 1770, 1772|
The Dalong coal mine uses an electric narrow gauge railway to transport the mining disposals to the waste hill conveyor on the southern edge of the site. We saw three locos (deep mine type), numbered 1, 5 and 8. The Daming mine also uses a similar railway according to the gatekeeper. We also found a few narrow gauge electrics out of use at the mine south of Daming.
Our visit was limited to the area in front of the western blast furnace group. We were accompanied by two local guides which were not from CITS. Probably, they were Angang employees without any interest to show us other places. In front of the blast furnaces we observed frequent shunting with molten iron and slag cars. Compared to my visit in 2002, the use of steam locos was higher, probably due to additional transports. The stabling point has been reconstructed, too.
After new neverending discussions and pointing out our interest in the GDR-built LEW electrics, we were allowed to visit the sintering plant yard and photograph there.
In the afternoon we had a visit to the Angang-subsidiary "Qi Dashan iron ore mine". It’s north east of Anshan and connected to the Anshan circle railway. Outside the mine, we saw two trains being loaded by an excavator.
|SY||0115, 0428, 0433 (oou), 0436, 0571, 0835, 0836, 0902, 1035, 1036, 1037, 1038, 1555, 1566, 1568|
|BD1||404, 408, 409|
|EL2||106 (QiDashan Mine), 117, 120, 125, 128, 129, 7404 (QiDashan Mine), 7411, 7418, 7420|
|GK1G||6003, 6004, 6005, 6007, 6009, 6028, 6029|
Anshan`s last tramway line was closed in April 2003.
North of Taipeng station, there’s a huge loco dump, best described as "loco cemetery":
more then 30 engines (both steam and electrics) are stored here. You have to ask for permission
to visit this place.
Near the Taipeng station, there’s the electrics depot. Unfortunately we were not allowed in but we could go to the steam loco stabling point instead.
|JF||508 (oou), 624 (C), 2195 (C), 2345 (C)|
|SY||0002 (C), 0035 (C), 0076, 0112, 0127 (oou), 0205 (C), 0541 (oou), 0576 (oou), 0770 (in Wulong depot), 0785 (in Taipeng depot), 0911 (in Taipeng depot), 0912 (C), 0939, 0940 (in Taipeng depot), 0941, 1089 (C), 1319, 1320, 1359 (in Taipeng depot), 1378, 1392 (in Wulong depot), 1395 (repairs), 1396, 1397, 1818|
|YJ||403 (oou, Taipeng depot)|
|EL1||9232 (C), 9233, 9244 (C), 9246|
|“EL1” rebuilt||111, 113|
|EL2||6505 (C), 6569 (C), 6570 (C), 6574 (C), 6577 (C), 6578 (C), 6579 (C), 6580 (C), 6586, 6585 (C), 6589 (C), 6596 (C), 6598 (C), 6601 (C), 6602 (C), 6607, 6608, 6610, 6611, 6612, 6614 (C), 6617 (C), 6623, 6624|
|(chin. type)||862 (C), 863 (C), 865 (C), 866 (C)|
|(C) = dumped at loco cemetery|
Opposite the town at the eastern edge of the open cast mine, we visited the electrified
narrow gauge system (762 mm) of a small deep coal mine. There was busy shunting with little
electrics and tipping cars.
Coal is revealed by a sloping gallery and carried to the washery. From this place the washed coal is loaded in standard open cars. The line runs from the coal mine around the northern edge of the open cast mine to a small station near Fuxin. You can use the lonely daily passenger train (14.00 mine, 14.25 / 14.30 station, 14.55 mine) without paying any fee. There are no coal trains along this line (passenger only). Sidetracks are closed and buses run on the parallel roads, too. Between the mine and the first railroad crossing, there is the depot. Access was denied by unfriendly people.
|ZL14 (?)||7, 10, 11, 12, xx (in depot), xx (oou), xx (oou)|
|deep mine type||101, xxx (in depot)|
The second part of the system is the line from the CNR interchange yard to a couple of deep mines in the north. There are only two or three trains a day serving this line. We saw an empty train in the morning which returned in the afternoon. Later there was another empty train. A surprise was to see both the two JS and SY 1083 equipped with full size deflectors.
|JS||5758 (ld), 8219 (ld)|
|SY||0271, 0304, 0400 (oou), 0766 (C), 0916 (C), 1007 (oou), 1052, 1083 (oou), 1085 (C), 1487 (C)|
|EL2||6785, 7xxx, 7324, 7335, 7336, 7340, 7341, 7342, 7344, 7347, 7348, 7349, 7362, 7366, 7368|
|(C) = belongs to open cast mine|
|JS||6245(ld), 6246(ld), 6544(ld), 8218(ld), 8246(hd), 8249(ld), 8250(ld)|
Nov, 8th 2003
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